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springmvc跨域+token验证(app后台框架搭建二)

这是app后台框架搭建的第二课,主要针对app应用是跨域的运用,讲解怎么配置跨域服务;其次讲解怎么进行token验证,通过拦截器设置token验证和把token设置到http报文中。主要有如下:

      1)app后台跨域设置

     2)拦截器中设置http报文header中token

     3)token的生成实现

====================================================================================================

 1,app后台跨域的设置

    1.1   springmvc4 有直接在请求映射中对跨域的处理,只需加一个@CrossOrign()

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    @CrossOrigin(origins = "http://localhost:9000")
    @GetMapping("/greeting")
    public Greeting greeting(@RequestParam(required=false, defaultValue="World") String name) {
        System.out.println("==== in greeting ====");
        return new Greeting(counter.incrementAndGet(), String.format(template, name));
    }
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   对全局请求路径的拦截的,则需要在配置类里声明:

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  @Bean
    public WebMvcConfigurer corsConfigurer() {
        return new WebMvcConfigurerAdapter() {
            @Override
            public void addCorsMappings(CorsRegistry registry) {
                registry.addMapping("/greeting-javaconfig").allowedOrigins("http://localhost:9000");
            }
        };
    }
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 “/greeting-javaconfig” 则是你定义的请求路径了,你也可以直接设置为 /api/* 之类的,allowedOrigins也可以匹配成 * 

 可以参考官方文档:https://spring.io/guides/gs/rest-service-cors/ 

 1.2 通过filter过滤器进行处理

     其实,spring的拦截器也是可以处理跨域的问题,但对于post+json的支持不是很好,用拦截器的支持会好一些:

     首先,定义拦截器:

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public class CrossFilter extends OncePerRequestFilter {

    @Override
    protected void doFilterInternal(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, FilterChain filterChain) throws ServletException, IOException {
        if (request.getHeader("Access-Control-Request-Method") != null && "OPTIONS".equals(request.getMethod())) {
            // CORS "pre-flight" request
            response.addHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "*");
            response.addHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Methods", "GET, POST, PUT, DELETE");
            response.addHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Headers", "Content-Type");
            response.addHeader("Access-Control-Max-Age", "1800");//30 min
        }
        filterChain.doFilter(request, response);
    }
}
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其次,在web.xml设置过滤:

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<filter>
    <filter-name>cors</filter-name>
    <filter-class>cn.***.filter.CrossFilter</filter-class>
</filter>
<filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>cors</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
</filter-mapping>
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 当然spring4  appalication.xml 也可以配置成:

<mvc:cors>
        <mvc:mapping path="/**" allowed-origins="*" allow-credentials="true" max-age="1800" allowed-methods="GET,POST,OPTIONS"/>
    </mvc:cors>

3)我的配置类配置:

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import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.*;
import org.springframework.core.env.Environment;
import org.springframework.web.cors.CorsConfiguration;
import org.springframework.web.cors.UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource;
import org.springframework.web.filter.CorsFilter;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.HandlerInterceptor;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ViewResolver;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.*;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * Created by ThinkPad on 2017/6/15.
 */
@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
@ComponentScan(basePackages = {"com.ouyang.teson"},useDefaultFilters = true)
@PropertySource({"classpath:teson.properties"})
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter{

    private final static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(WebConfig.class);
    public ViewResolver viewResolver() {
        InternalResourceViewResolver viewResolver = new InternalResourceViewResolver();
        viewResolver.setPrefix("/WEB-INF/views/jsp/function/");
        viewResolver.setSuffix(".jsp");
        return viewResolver;
    }

    //静态文件
    @Override
    public void addResourceHandlers(ResourceHandlerRegistry registry) {
        logger.info("addResourceHandlers");
        registry.addResourceHandler("/static/**").addResourceLocations("/WEB-INF/static/");
    }

    //允许跨域的接口
    @Override
    public void addCorsMappings(CorsRegistry registry) {
        registry.addMapping("/api/*").allowedOrigins("*")
                .allowCredentials(false)
                .allowedMethods("GET", "POST", "DELETE", "PUT")
                .allowedHeaders("Access-Control-Allow-Origin","Access-Control-Allow-Headers","Access-Control-Allow-Methods"
                ,"Access-Control-Max-Age")
.exposedHeaders("Access-Control-Allow-Origin")
.maxAge(3600);
}


}
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2) 在拦截器中设置token

    在拦截器中设置token这个比较简单,我就直接带过了,看配置:

  拦截器类:HeaderTokenInterceptor.java

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package com.ouyang.teson.intercept;

import com.ouyang.teson.WebConfig;
import com.ouyang.teson.util.JwtUtil;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.HandlerInterceptor;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;

/**
 * Created by ThinkPad on 2017/6/20.
 */
public class HeaderTokenInterceptor implements HandlerInterceptor {

    private final static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(HeaderTokenInterceptor.class);
    @Autowired
    JwtUtil jwtUtil;
    @Override
    public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o) throws Exception {
       // String  contentPath=httpServletRequest.getContextPath();
        // System.out.println("contenxPath:"+contentPath);
        String requestURI=httpServletRequest.getRequestURI();
        String tokenStr=httpServletRequest.getParameter("token");
        String token="";
        if(requestURI.contains("/api/")){
            token=httpServletRequest.getHeader("token");
            if(token==null && tokenStr==null){
                System.out.println("real token:======================is null");
                String str="{'errorCode':801,'message':'缺少token,无法验证','data':null}";
                dealErrorReturn(httpServletRequest,httpServletResponse,str);
                return false;
            }
            if(tokenStr!=null){
                token=tokenStr;
            }
            token=jwtUtil.updateToken(token);
            System.out.println("real token:=============================="+token);
            System.out.println("real ohter:=============================="+httpServletRequest.getHeader("Cookie"));
        }

        httpServletResponse.setHeader("token",token);
      /*  httpServletResponse.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "*");
        httpServletResponse.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Headers", "Content-Type, Authorization");
        httpServletResponse.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Methods", "POST, GET, OPTIONS, PUT");*/
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public void postHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, ModelAndView modelAndView) throws Exception {

    }

    @Override
    public void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, Exception e) throws Exception {
    }

    // 检测到没有token,直接返回不验证
    public void dealErrorReturn(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse,Object obj){
        String json = (String)obj;
        PrintWriter writer = null;
        httpServletResponse.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
        httpServletResponse.setContentType("text/html; charset=utf-8");
        try {
            writer = httpServletResponse.getWriter();
            writer.print(json);

        } catch (IOException ex) {
            logger.error("response error",ex);
        } finally {
            if (writer != null)
                writer.close();
        }
    }


}
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httpServletResponse.setHeader("token",token)是设置返回response的header的token信息,每一次拦截的时候,会查看是否有token,如果没有就直接报错

关于app 后台返回的结果,在实际的开发中需要统一返回数据格式,这个会在下一节中讲到。

在webconfig.java 类中添加以下两个方法:

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 @Override
    public void addInterceptors(InterceptorRegistry registry) {
        registry.addInterceptor(getTokenHeader())
                .addPathPatterns("/api/*")
                .excludePathPatterns(
                        "/robots.txt");
    }

    //token 在header的拦截器
    @Bean
    public HandlerInterceptor getTokenHeader(){
        return new HeaderTokenInterceptor();
    }
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3) token的实现

 token的实现使用jwt组件生成token,如果想要自己通过md5,或者rsa加密生成token也比较简便了,只是这个token要缓存起来,每次进行验证,验证完更新token。更新token主要是更新token里包含的时间,防止token过期。如果使用token的话,可以不用存放缓存,对于登陆验证成功后,我们会生成token,这个token还能带有用户的id等基本信息,我们就可以验证他的过期时间,id等信息。

 关于jwt 组件的介绍,可以去看看我的 java组件的jwt的介绍。

直接进入主题了:

maven需要导入

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<!-- java-web-token 验证授权-->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.auth0</groupId>
      <artifactId>java-jwt</artifactId>
      <version>3.2.0</version>
    </dependency>
  <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/io.jsonwebtoken/jjwt -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>io.jsonwebtoken</groupId>
    <artifactId>jjwt</artifactId>
    <version>0.7.0</version>
  </dependency>
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jjwt 主要是对jwt进一步封装,可以快速开发web的token认证。

    jwt工具类:jwtUtil.java

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package com.ouyang.teson.util;

import io.jsonwebtoken.Claims;
import io.jsonwebtoken.JwtBuilder;
import io.jsonwebtoken.Jwts;
import io.jsonwebtoken.SignatureAlgorithm;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import sun.misc.BASE64Decoder;
import sun.misc.BASE64Encoder;

import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;
import javax.xml.bind.DatatypeConverter;
import java.security.Key;
import java.util.Date;

/**
 * Created by ThinkPad on 2017/6/17.
 */
@Component
public class JwtUtil {
    public static String sercetKey="mingtianhenganghao";
    public final static long  keeptime=1800000;

   /* @Value("${token.sercetKey}")
    public  static String sercetKey;
    @Value("${token.keeptime:30000}")
    public static long keeptime;*/

    public static String generToken(String id, String issuer, String subject){
        long ttlMillis=keeptime;
        SignatureAlgorithm signatureAlgorithm = SignatureAlgorithm.HS256;
        long nowMillis = System.currentTimeMillis();
        Date now = new Date(nowMillis);
        byte[] apiKeySecretBytes = DatatypeConverter.parseBase64Binary(sercetKey);
        Key signingKey = new SecretKeySpec(apiKeySecretBytes, signatureAlgorithm.getJcaName());

        JwtBuilder builder = Jwts.builder().setId(id)
                .setIssuedAt(now);
        if(subject!=null){
            builder.setSubject(subject);
        }
        if(issuer!=null){
            builder.setIssuer(issuer);
        }
        builder .signWith(signatureAlgorithm, signingKey);

        if (ttlMillis >= 0) {
            long expMillis = nowMillis + ttlMillis;
            Date exp = new Date(expMillis);
            builder.setExpiration(exp);
        }
        return builder.compact();
    }

    public String updateToken(String token){
        try {
            Claims claims=verifyToken(token);
            String id=claims.getId();
            String subject=claims.getSubject();
            String issuer=claims.getIssuer();
            Date date = claims.getExpiration();
            return generToken(id, issuer, subject);
        }catch (Exception ex){
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
        return "0";
    }


    public String updateTokenBase64Code(String token)  {
        BASE64Encoder base64Encoder=new  BASE64Encoder();
        BASE64Decoder decoder = new BASE64Decoder();
        try {
            token=new String(decoder.decodeBuffer(token),"utf-8");
            Claims claims=verifyToken(token);
            String id=claims.getId();
            String subject=claims.getSubject();
            String issuer=claims.getIssuer();
            Date date = claims.getExpiration();
            String newToken = generToken(id, issuer, subject);
            return base64Encoder.encode(newToken.getBytes());
        }catch (Exception ex){
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
        return "0";
    }


    public static Claims verifyToken(String token){
        Claims claims = Jwts.parser()
                .setSigningKey(DatatypeConverter.parseBase64Binary(sercetKey))
                .parseClaimsJws(token).getBody();
        return  claims;
    }





}
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  关于拦截器的处理token,及更新token,上面已经给出代码,这里不再列出。来看一下简单的控制类,仅供学习,如果要运用到生产环境还得各种配置和测试。

  登陆的控制方法:

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@RequestMapping("/login")
    public String login(String name,String password, Model model){
        if(name==null || password==null){
            return "error";
        }
        String token = jwtUtil.generToken("xiaoming",null,null);
        model.addAttribute("token", token);
        return "redirect:/api/liu";

    }
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这里没有做验证,只是简单根据账户密码,生成token后,重定向;接下来的任务就交给拦截器了,拦截器会拦截/api/* 下的请求,然后请求参数有token的会验证token,并更新token,并把token放到header里。

这里可以看到token字符串有两个点,最好把jwt生成的token进行base64位编码,jwtUtil.java里有updateTokenBase64Code(String token)就是处理token进行base64位编码的。处理速度还是蛮快的。

最后,app后台框架的代码会在第五讲左右,把代码放出来。没有那么充足时间,写博客。

原文地址: http://www.cnblogs.com/minsons/p/7058837.html

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